Our life lasts longer and its comfort is improving, so it is not surprising that, apart from health, we want to maintain a good and young appearance. We observe the ubiquitous cult of beauty and youth, which affects the aesthetic medicine market. New preparations and substances appear, both care and rejuvenation. It can not be hidden that the most popular of them include botox and a moisturizing substance – hyaluronic acid.
Botox is sometimes called the elixir of youth, because it quickly removes wrinkles. Unfortunately, it is often abused and it cannot be hidden that Botox injections are just after lip augmentation with hyaluronic acid one of the most frequently performed aesthetic medicine treatments. Botox is a type A botulinum toxin which owes its origins to the Belgian explorer Emile Pierre van Ermenghen’ne, who in 1897 discovered and named the bacterium Clostridium Botulinum in rotten meat preparations.
WHAT IS BOTULINUM TOXIN?
Pure botulinum toxin was isolated in 1944, at the US Biological Weapons Research Center at Fort Detrick. This is one of the strongest poisons known to humanity, which means that it can be found in the register of substances belonging to biological weapons. In aesthetic medicine, very small doses are used, which only have a therapeutic effect. Botulinum toxin began to be used in neurology because of its relaxant properties in the late 1970s. Currently, the indications for the use of botox in neurology are such problems as focal contractures (spasticity) associated with deformity of the clubfoot, caused by spasticity (contractures) in children with cerebral palsy, aged two years and older. In addition, it is used in focal wrist and hand contractures in adult patients after stroke. Focal contracture of the ankle in adult patients after a stroke is another health problem. In addition, eyelid spasm (blepharospasm) is treated with botox, half face spasm and associated focal dystonia, idiopathic torticollis (cervical dystonia).
WHAT IS BOTOX USED FOR?
Botox Szczecin is used in the prevention of headaches in patients with chronic migraine. Using botox, you can fight bladder dysfunction, such as idiopathic hyperactivity and urinary incontinence, urgency, and pollakiuria. In addition, underarm sweating, which impedes daily functioning and is resistant to local treatment. Botulinum toxin used in aesthetic medicine and dentistry blocks neuromuscular connections, which causes that muscle contraction is inhibited, despite signals sent from the brain. That is why injecting mimic wrinkles is so popular, because the muscle then relaxes, so that it rests and wrinkles do not increase.
This type of aesthetic medicine treatment prevents wrinkles from fixing. In Poland, botox treatments have been used since 1996. Consumption of botulinum toxin causes intoxication that impairs the nervous system, causes breathing disorders and leads to death. It should be emphasized that poisoning occurs only when a large amount of the drug is swallowed, therefore its turnover is quite restrictively controlled by manufacturers and pharmacists. Botox can legally be purchased by a doctor and only on prescription.
BOTOX IN AESTHETIC MEDICINE
In aesthetic medicine, it is given to relax the mimic muscles, even to eliminate wrinkles between the eyebrows, so-called lions wrinkles, transverse wrinkles on the forehead, around the outer corners of the eye, so-called crow’s feet, but also the so-called rabbit wrinkles, i.e. wrinkles on the nose, wrinkles of the smoker, arising around the mouth. Botox is also used to eliminate gingival smile, so-called gummy smile, strong chin muscle, or elimination of teeth grinding. Recent studies indicate that it is a good remedy for the treatment of rosacea and paroxysmal facial erythema. There are also contraindications to using Botox. These will be pregnancy and breastfeeding, some neurological diseases, cardiovascular disorders, allergy to human albumin, autoimmune diseases, taking some medications, blood coagulation disorders, unstable diabetes, oncological diseases and age below eighteen.
DOES BOTOX INJECTION HURT?
Facial injections are not painful, they are not used during anesthesia. The procedure must be preceded by an interview, exclusion of contraindications. After the procedure, small bubbles are visible on the skin, as after a mosquito bite, a small bruise may occur. All this disappears very quickly. The effects can be seen after a few days, the final result is visible after two weeks. However, they are not permanent. Depending on the muscles they affect, they last for two to eight months. It also depends on individual characteristics, the type of toxin injected, its quantity, strength of injection and the regularity of the procedures performed. Re-injection is recommended after four to six months for the face. The body should be injected at intervals of approximately nine months.